The protein sparing modified fast is made for obese people to lose weight quickly. Aside from dietary components, it also has medical and behavioral aspects too. This diet has a lot of restrictions, which must be discussed with a dietician and a physician.
The Basics of the Protein Sparing Fast
Ideally, humans mostly lose fat tissue instead of lean body mass when in diet. Humans, in an ideal situation, should retain their lean body mass and lose fat tissue when dieting. However, a small part of lean body mass is lost regardless of the weight loss diet, especially with low-calorie ones. Typically providing less than 900 calories a day, a PSMF diet avoids the loss of lean body mass because it includes at least 70 grams of high-quality protein. A PSMF diet still avoids lean body mass loss despite only providing fewer than 900 calories per day, since it includes a maximum of 90 grams of high-quality protein.
Protein as a Source of Energy
Carbohydrates keeps the body going, being its main source of energy. The body begins using fat as an energy source when people limit their carbohydrates when trying to lose weight. Eating food rich in protein while dieting bars the body from utilizing the protein stores, primarily located in the muscles, tissues, and cells. With the fast breakdown of fat, waste substances called ketones are expelled from the body through urination, a condition known as ketosis. As such, the protein sparing diet is also known as a ketogenic diet. Ketosis is accompanied by loss of appetite, making the weight-losing process even simpler.
Having a PSMF regimen means adjusting one’s diet exclusively for lean meat, poultry, seafood, and some low-carbohydrate vegetables instead. The diet explicitly forbids the consumption of any other types of fat or carbohydrates. Supplements are given in order to make up for any nutritional deficiencies caused by the diet. PSMF dieters should continue with the plan until they reach their weight goal and take their post-diet process called the refeeding phase in order to reintroduce carbohydrates and lower protein consumption. With this phase, a well-rounded diet is implemented to make sure that the future weight control process is more successful.
A consideration for the PSMF diet is that a sharp decrease in carbohydrates forces the body to release large amounts of water once its stores have been used up. The end-result of this is that the body experiences both electrolyte imbalances and dehydration, that’s why it is necessary for a dietician to look over the entire diet. A medical professional has the capability to recommend the required amount of potassium, sodium, and other fluids to be consumed during the diet process. Another potentially dangerous consideration is that even the slightest deviation from the prescribed food groups could result to a nasty imbalance of both bodily fluids and electrolytes, as well as interrupting the weight loss process, which invalidates the diet until adhered to once more.